For Posterity's Sake         

A Royal Canadian Navy Historical Project

HMCS ST. CROIX I81

Former USS McCOOK 252

HMCS St. Croix I81 - 18 Dec 1940

A battered HMCS St. Croix enters Halifax Harbour after enduring a powerful North Atlantic storm. This photograph shows some of the damage inflicted on St. Croix, including guardrails hanging over the ship's side (centre) and broken windows on the ship's bridge (top centre). Less visib2le but more serious storm damage included bent steel plating on the bridge and below-decks flooding caused by massive waves. The photograph also emphasizes the ship's narrow hull, which contributed to its instability in heavy seas and to poor handling. George Metcalf Archival Collection CWM 19900085-1040

 

Battle honours and awards:  Atlantic  1940-43

 

 

Laid down: 19 Sep 1918

Launched: 31 Jan 1919

Commissioned: 30 Apr 1919

Paid off: 1922

Re-commissioned: Dec 1939

Paid off: 24 Sep 1940

Transferred to RCN: 24 Sep 1940

Commissioned: 24 Sep 1940

Fate: Sunk on 20 Sep 1943 by U-305

 

Commissioned on 30 Apr 1919, she operated with the Atlantic Fleet as USS McCook until placed in reserve at Philadelphia in 1922. Re-commissioned in Dec 1939, she again served with the Atlantic Fleet prior to being transferred to the RCN at Halifax as HMCS St. Croix on 24 Sep 1940. She sailed for the U.K. via St. John's, 1940. She sailed for the U.K. via St. John's on 30 Nov 1940, but ran into a hurricane and had to return. Arriving at Halifax on 18 Dec 1940, she remained under repair until mid-Mar 1941, when she took up the role of local escort. In Aug 1941, she joined NEF, escorting convoys to Iceland. In May 1942, following six months' refit at Saint John, N.B., she escorted her first convoy, SC.84, to the U.K., and was thereafter employed constantly on the "Newfie-Derry" run. In Apr 1943, she was assigned to EG C-1, and in Jun 1943 to C-5. During this period she sank U 90 while escorting convoy ON.113 on 24 Jul 1942, and on 04 Mar 1943, while accompanying convoy KMS.10 from Britain to Algeria, she assisted HMCS Shediac in destroying U 87. In Aug 1943, St. Croix was allocated to support group EG 9 for an offensive against U-boats crossing the Bay of Biscay, but the group was diverted to the assistance of a series of convoys beset by U-boats in the Atlantic. While thus engaged, with convoy ON.202, St. Croix was torpedoed and sunk by U 305 on 20 Sep 1943, south of Iceland. Five officers and 76 men were rescued by HMS Itchen, but only one of these survived the loss of Itchen on 23 Sep 1943.

 

Commanding Officers

Lt M.A. Medland, RCN - 24 Sep 1940 - 10 Oct 1940

Cdr Harry Kingsley, RCN - 11 Oct 1940 - 10 Dec 1941

LCdr Andrew Hedley Dobson, DSC, RCNR - 06 Jan 1942 - 20 Sep 1943

 

     In memory of those who made the ultimate sacrifice    

     Lest We Forget     

 

- Book of Remembrance entry     - Grave or burial information

 

Note: Of the 81 of the St. Croix's crew that were rescued by HMS Itchen and all but one perished when the Itchen was sunk a few days later. Other than two crew members identified by the sole survivor of the crew of the St. Croix as being on HMS Itchen when she was torpedoed, it is not known who were picked up by HMS Itchen and therefore all were recorded as having been killed when the St. Croix was sunk.

ADAMSON, Selwyn Arthur

L/ Coder, V36276, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

ARMSTRONG, Hugh

L/Sto, A2547,  RCNR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

ARMSTRONG, William Morrison

ERA, 21375, RCN

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

BADOUR, William Rufus

AB, V30991, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

BAILEY, Norris Benjamin

AB, V31265, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

BARNHART, Gordon Franklin

L/Sto, V8916, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

BARRIAULT, Joseph Ernest

AB, A5115, RCNR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

BARWIS, William Donald

AB, V30612, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

BASS, George Othoe

L/Sto, A4319, RCNR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

BEDFORD, Andrew Lawrence

AB, V18474, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

BELL, Joseph Griffiths

Coder, V35750, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

BERRISFORD, Gordon Harold

OS, V42923, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

BOOTH, Robert Gordon

AB, V45546, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

BOTHAM, Robert John

AB, V11889, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

BOTTOMLEY, Stanley Rhodes

AB, V12442, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

BOWSER, Fred Douglas

Supply PO, V25717, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

BOYLE, Thomas

Sig, V7637, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

BRENNAN, James Edward Stewart

ERA, V25371, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

BRETT, Walter Bretwalda

ERA, V10403, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

BROOKMAN, Stanley Bertram

OS, V45202, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

BRUCE, William

LS, V25864, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

BURGESS, Ira Urban

AB, A4554, RCNR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

BUTTERFIELD, Thomas William James

ERA, V47041, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

BYDWELL, Leslie Wellington

ERA, V25270, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

CARIGNAN, Joseph Jean-Baptiste Lucien

Sto, V39926, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

CARRIER, Gordon Albert

AB, V31005, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

CHIPPENDALE, Joseph Thomas

LS, V18012, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

CLARK, Vernon Keith

L/ Writer, 40809, RCN

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

COATES, Daryl Leslie

L/Sto, 21789, RCN

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

COLE, Albert J.

AB, V16554, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

COLE, David

Sto, V33190, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

CORBY, George Richard

ERA, V44500, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

CORNISH, Howard John

L/Sto, V22939, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

CRAIG, Frederick Thomas

Sto PO, A1053, RCNR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

DE FREITAS, Pervical Francis Mayow

LCdr, RCNR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

Drafted to St. Croix on 02 Jul 1943

DEAN, Alfred Costello

L/Sto, A5299, RCNR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

DEEKS, William Richard

OS, V47243, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

DEGEER, Carl Gerhard Ludvig

AB, V33089, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

DEMERS, Honore Wilfred Joseph

Electrical Art., V39334, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

DENNENY, James Gordon

Tel, V33265, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

DES BRISAY, Gordon Montgomery

Sig, V39948, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

DESCHAMP, Winslow Alfonso

AB, A746, RCNR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

DINNER, Lorne

Supply Ass't, V23394, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

DOBSON, Andrew Hedley

LCdr, RCNR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

DOWELL, Charles Brannagan

AB, V35531, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

EDMONDS, John Celestine

Sto PO, A2867, RCNR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

EVANS, Llewellyn

AB, 4397, RCN

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

EVANS, William Leo

L/Sto, V23334, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

FORBES, Garry Ferguson

AB, V16587, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

FULTON, Henry

L/Sto, V18348, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

GALLAGHER, John Fraser

Lt, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

Drafted to St. Croix I81 on 09 Jun 1943

GOOD, James Hamilton

Tel, V37733, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

GORDON, Cyril James Albert

L/S.B.A., V47603, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

GOREHAM, Leslie MacKenzie

AB, A4639, RCNR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

GOULET, Joseph Phillipe Lionel

Stwd, V3952, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

GRANDY, Charles Reginald

LS, V349, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

GRANT, Ronald Earl

AB, V27279, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

GREGGIO, William Alexander

Tel, V35778 RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

GRENON, Albert Joseph

AB, 4467, RCN

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

GUAY, Vincent Ellwood

AB, V18576, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

HANN, Peter Martin Joseph

PO Stwd, 40551, RCN

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

HILLIER, George Abraham

AB, A974, RCNR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

HODGSON, Albert John

Sto PO, V13798, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

HUTTON, Jack

L/Sig, 2199, RCN

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

KIDSON, Weldon Alexander

L/Sto, A1797, RCNR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

KING, William Lyon MacKenzie

Surg/Lt, RCNVR

killed - 23 Sep 1943 

Drafted to St. Croix on 07 Jun 1943. Rescued by HMS Itchen. Died when HMS Itchen was sunk on 23 Sep 1943.

LANDRIGAN, Frederick

Sto, V22710, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

LANE, Arthur Douglas

AB, V19252, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

LANKTREE, William

L/Sto, V16333, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

LILLYMAN, Raymond Frederick

Ord. Tel, V38537, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

LOCKE, Oscar John

Sto, V32028, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

LONG, Ronald James

AB, V22684, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

LOPUCK, Antoni

L/Sto, V24712, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

LUCHAN, Edmund Victor

Sto, V18543, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

MACCORMACK, Murray Archibald

Sto PO, A1078, RCNR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

MACKENZIE, Roderick

L/Sto, A5720, RCNR

killed - 23 Sep 1943 

Rescued by HMS Itchen. Died when HMS Itchen was sunk on 23 Sep 1943

MACMASTER, Alexander Peter

PO, V7954, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

MACMILLAN, Joseph Francis

ERA, V17743, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

MAJOR, Paul Simon

LCdr, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

MARMON, Thomas

LS, V5586, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

MCCALLUM, Harold Francis

Sto, V16351, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

MCKEOWN, John Edward

L/Sto, V7939, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

MCKINNEY, Lawrence Albert

AB, V5833, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

MCKINNON, Alexander

Chief Sto, V5710, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

MCNENEY, James Robert

Yeoman of Signals, 3036, RCN

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

MCPHERSON, Clifford Albert

AB, V19396, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

MELNITZKY, Theodore

Cook, V33169, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

MELOCHE, Joseph Orphee

Tel, V32525, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

MERCHANT, Joseph Gerald

Electrical Art., V223372, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

MITCHELL, William Wallace

AB, 3266, RCN

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

MOORE, Lloyd George

AB, V10541, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

MOSSEY, Timothy Damian

Tel, V39601, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

NEWHOUSE, John Stanley

L/Tel, 3681, RCN

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

NEWSTEAD, Kenneth Edwin

Cook, V34708, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

O'CONNOR, Thomas Patrick

Sto PO, A5884, RCNR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

OSBORNE, Robert James

L/Sto, V23436, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

PAGE, William Leonard

Slt, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

PARKER, Robert Borden

Sto PO, V25396, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

PARNELL, George Frederick

ERA, 21405, RCN

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

PASQUANTONIO, Ralph Joseph

Sto PO, A1228, RCNR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

PASTOREK, John

OS, V46082, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

PAYNE, Sydney Rudolph

L/Sto, V16137, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

PIDLASKI, Nicholas

OS, V41014, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

POOK, William Frederick

L/ Cook, V48425, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

PORTER, Robert Noel Timothy

Lt, RCN

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

PRISKE, Sydney Robert

PO, 2999, RCN

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

PROSCH, Joseph

L/Sto, A3552, RCNR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

PUDNEY, William Sydney David

Sig, V27871, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

REID, Edward Roddick

AB, V24959, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

RICHARDSON, Jasper James

Coder, V830, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

RIDGE, Derrick

Lt (E), RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

RIECKE, Harry Carl

PO, V10435, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

RIGBY, Robert Charles

Ord. Tel, V41295, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

RISING, Jack Humphrey

Ordnance Art., V26493, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

ROBERTSON, Theodore Maxwell

Chief Sto, 21497, RCN

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

RODER, William Norman

Sto, V51026, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

ROSS, Charles Alexander

Lt, RCNVR

killed - 23 Sep 1943 

Drafted to St. Croix on 16 Jun 1943. Rescued by HMS Itchen. Died when HMS Itchen was sunk on 23 Sep 1943.

ROWELL, David Bayford

AB, V8359, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

RUSS, Frank Arseth

PO Tel, X2739, RCN

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

RUSSO, Anthony Francis

LS, V5505, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

SANFORD, Maurice Knowlton

Shipwright, V51714, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

SAVAGE, Francis Herbert

AB, V6676, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

SCUDAMORE, Frederick Herbert

Sto PO, V7156, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

SIMARD, Joseph Hidola Michel

AB, V3411, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

SIMS, Hartman William

LS, V17059, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

SMITH, Joseph Walter

PO Cook, V25646, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

STEPHENSON, Carmen Ernest

LS, V5646, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

STEPHENSON, Francis Woodrow

PO, 3873, RCN

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

STEVENSON, William Lyle

OS, V46021, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

STRANGE, William Robert

Sto, V12898, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

TAGG, James

ERA, V24237, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

TERRY, John Malcolm

AB, V22544, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

THICKE, Charles Frederick

AB, 4386, RCN

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

THURSFIELD, John S

L/ Radio Mech, P/MX 124820, RN

killed - 20 Sep 1943

TIPE, Carl

L/Sto, V23468, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

TURNER, Alexander

AB, V27586, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

URQUHART, Donald Leroy

AB, V464 RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

VAN SICKLE, Harold Allen

OS, V39844, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

VEY, John Wellington

AB, V2638, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

WALKER, George Edward

AB, V22442, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943

WALSH, Patrick Douglas

L/Sto, 21787, RCN

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

WARNER, Gordineer Wendall

L/Sto, A2802, RCNR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

WATSON, Horace William

CPO, 2862, RCN

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

WHITAKER, Ronald

Stwd, V32848, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

WHITE, Robert Edwin

AB, V16866, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

WINCH, Wilmer James

L/Sto, V22870, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

WRIGHT, George Buckman

Lt, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

WYCKOFF, Gordon Colquhoun

LS, V13349, RCNVR

killed - 20 Sep 1943 

 

 

 

     In memory of those who have crossed the bar    

They shall not be forgotten

A-B

Beck, Harry Romeyn

1917-2007

 

 

 

 

C-D

Carnduff, Ross Wilson

1922-2016

Dunlop, Daniel Turnbull

1920-2012

 

 

 

G-H

Gladwin, Wynyard Robert

1919-2015

Graves, Parker F.

____-2002

 

 

 

K-L

Kingsley, Harry

1900-1976

2nd Commanding Officer

 

 

 

 

M-N

Mackie, Gordon Alexander

1922-2014

Mawhinney, Murray John

1922-2009

McNevin, Sydney Raymond

1922-2012

Norberg, James Walter

1923-2015

 

S-T

Shellnutt, Ernest George

1920-2015

Taylor, Cuthbert Robert Holland

1895-____

 

 

 

 

U-Boats Sunk

U-90 (Kptlt Hans-Jorgen Oldorp) sunk on 24 Jul 1942 by HMCS St. Croix I81 in position 48-12 N, 40-56 W

U-87 (Kptlt Joachim Berger), a Type VIIB U-boat, sunk on 04 Mar 1943 by HMCS Shediac K110 and HMCS St. Croix I81 west of Leixoes, in position 41-36 N, 13-31 W. Of her crew of 49 there were no survivors.

 

Former Crew Members

Beck, Harry Roweyn, Slt, RCNVR - 29 Jan 1941

 

Earl, Leslie Nelson, Lt, RCNVR - 22 Mar 1942

Fisher, William Allen (Survived the sinking of HMCS St. Croix and HMS Itchen - sole survivor of the St. Croix's crew.) 

 

Isard, John Frederick, Lt, RCNVR - Jan 1942

 

Pope, William Lt (E), RCNR

Prowse, Lemuel Edward, Surg/Lt, RCNVR - 11 Jul 1941

 

Savignac, Julien, Lt (G), RCNVR - 26 Jul 1941

 

Smith, Cecil John, Lt, RCN - 21 Apr 1941

 

Trottier, Adelard Everett, Surg/Lt, RCNVR - 06 Apr 1942

 

 

Photos and Documents

 

 

Links

 

HMCS St. Croix - A Tragic Saga - Naval Museum of Manitoba

HMCS St. Croix - À la mémoire du chauffeur JOSEPH J.B.L. CARIGNAN décédé le 20 septembre 1943

Personal photo gallery of Ken Newstead

The Sinking of HMCS St. Croix

 

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